Welcome to the Edible Forest Garden !
In November 2018 we opened a Public Edible Forest Garden with the municipality of Zugló and planted the first fruit trees of the district.
- What is agroforestry ?
Agroforestry is the practice of deliberately planting trees and shrubs with annual crops and/or animals to create a biodiverse ecosystem with ecological and economic outcomes. This practice breaks with monoculture and the use of chemicals in farming.
Agroforestry helps to
- Restore soils
- Create wind barriers
- Reduce heat stress and needs in water
- Attract pollinators
- Create a shelter for fauna
- Enhance biodiversity
- Restore rural landscapes
- Create ecological corridors and more harmony between man and nature
- Diverse the economy
- Reduce intensive farming
- Increase food security
- Agroforestry, let’s restore together :
- Forest gardens :
Edible forest gardens –also known as forest gardens, woodland gardens, food forests or analog forests have been defined as “a perennial polyculture of multi-purpose plants” and are comparable to the multistory agroforestry systems common across the tropics known as homegardens. Robert de J. Hart is generally credited with being the first to bring the concept to Europe in the 1980s when he started the UK’s first forest garden in Shropshire (Hart 1996).
- Permaculture and the Edible Forest Garden :
- Forest garden the movie, Martin Crawford :
- Urban agroforestry :
Urban agroforestry is inspired by the traditional practice in rural areas. The benefits of agroforestry in the countryside are explored in the urban context. Urban agroforestry is complex and needs more research on the eco-social relations and environmental benefits. The aim is to bring agreocological principals into the city and reduce consumption of public spaces or any vacant spaces.
However, urban agroforestry can help in :
- Enhancing biodiversity and food security in the city
- Reducing heat stress and providing shade
- Rehabilitating soils
- Creating resilient communities
- Providing edibles and food to the city
- Greening cities
- Reducing cars
- Opening public spaces to creativity and well-being
- The Edible Climate Forest in Zuglo :
This is a public edible forest garden based on community sharing and self-management. The land is provided by the 14th district of Budapest, Zuglo. It is initiated through a PhD research project in landscape architecture about urban agroforestry by Paloma de Linares.
Based on principles of forest gardening were planted :
- Wide canopy trees : Lime trees
- Small trees and fruit trees : an Apple tree, a Pear tree, a Quince and a Mulberry
- Shrubs : Hazelnut, Mountain ash
- Berries : Redcurrants
- Aromatics : Lavender
The people will be able to plant freely aromatics, plants and flowers under the trees and expand the garden. It is also an open space for art, expression, land art and creativity.